The geography of India and China had great influences of their economy. My plan of action is to show how India and China’s country affected their way of life and their safety.
China was divided into three states when they fell to the Han dynasty; the Wu from the Southland and the Wei from the North. For right now I am only going to concentrate on 2 out of the 3 states, the Wu and the Wei. The Wu from the South had wonderful waterways that were used for irrigation and navigation. They had a great way of transportation down those waterways and also helped them transport crops. With the weather conditions in southern China was also amazing, warm weather made it easy for crops such and rice and tea to grow.
The south was very well organized because with the rice cultivation it made it easier to promote it to be irrigated. Since the warfare in the Northern part of China more people started moving south so the population boosted shifting the balance. Besides the political part of southern China, the culture and ethnics of it were just as good. In the south the arts, paintings, calligraphy, and poetry skyrocketed with themes of spiritual survival. The Chinese language also kept it’s meaning in the south as the primary language.
The Wei from the north has topsoil called loess; it is a fine yellow dust. The north unlike the south is very cold especially in the winter months. The winds in the north were tremendous coming from the west. Also the north has little irrigation and the agriculture part has dry-fields and is mostly carried on by owner-operators. Their main crops are wheat, millet, beans, and turnips. In the north, people were very open to new social and ethnic change. Such as the barbarians who came into the cultural life of china, and through intermarriage and also in the genetic pool as well.
The Great Wall of China was a great factor of protection for the northern boundaries. Faced with brick and stone and averaging 25 feet high and wide, the wall is studded with towers that served as a signaling station and warning of approaches of enemies. The Wall served well. Only when a dynasty had weakened from within were invaders from the north able to advance and conquer. Both the Mongols (Yuan Dynasty, 1271-1368) and the Manchurians (Qing Dynasty,1644-1911) were able to take power, not because of weakness in the Wall but because of weakness in the government and the poverty of the people. They took advantage of rebellion from within and stepped into the void of power without extended wars.
India was known for their discovered sea trade and cultural influence. The Roman Empire demanded goods from Asia; so roman traders learned from the Arabs a route from the southwest monsoon winds from the Red Sea to the west coast of India. They would take the southwest monsoon winds from the Red Sea to the west coast of India in only two weeks. To get back they would have to wait six months to travel back on the northeast monsoons. More people soon learned the great route of the southwest of India in a Greek Merchants compendium called, The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea. Since the waterway on the southwest coast of India it allowed the Roman Empire to trade more easily with Asia faster.
Archeologists have gathered enough information to prove that trading between the Roman Empire and Asia did actually happen. Deposits have been found near alo of the major ports on the west and east coastal areas. Also, they have been found near Coimbatore; the area which trade routes led inland from the Malabar Coast. Also they believed the traders were Arabs, Jews, and Romans. Also they proved when Rome got the imports from India they sold the merchandise for hundred times the actually price of it.
The geography of a country has a major impact of the style of living that people live. Such as the Wu from the southern land of China they had great ways of irrigation and their way of water transportation kept their society in line. If it wasn’t for their great irrigation skills and their waterways they definitely would of fallen apart as a society. The geography of this part of China worked out very well, financially and economically.
The Wei from the North didn’t have a lot of irrigation but had some major crops that were needed. The weather climate was cold but they all still managed to keep their crops together by working together. The Wei allowed the so-called “barbarians” into their society through intermarriage.
The Great Wall of China was a wonderful source of protection from invaders. The Wall gave great comfort to northern China with its towering brick walls. The massive height also gave protection to those who were in fear of getting attacked by intruders. The Great Wall of China is a god to them, a god that secures their well-being and their safety.
India’s waterways opened many opportunities of trade between the Roman Empire and India. It gave the Roman Empire definitely more power with how much money they were selling India’s trades for. People benefited from a Greek merchant who wrote, “The Periplus of the Erythaean Sea”. They learned the route and how the monsoons had a big role in how to get there on sea.
From what I benefited from this research, China and India had so many factors that benefited their way of life. The geography of each country had their downfalls but definitely had their ups. Geography does have a huge impact on life; I know it has on mine, how about you?